Understanding Glaucoma with our Sites Vision Clinic Eye Doctors
Rather than referring to one specific condition, glaucoma encompasses a group of similar disorders with slightly different causes. Usually marked by an increase of the eye's intraocular pressure (known as ocular hypertension), glaucoma occurs when the eye's aqueous fluid cannot drain properly either due to the angle of a duct, a blocked duct or due to other reasons. The cause of glaucoma determines the type of glaucoma present (for example, primary open angle glaucoma, normal tension glaucoma, acute angle closure glaucoma, neovascular glaucoma, and several more). When any type of glaucoma is present, the condition will damage the optic nerve - the nerve responsible for transmitting images from the eye to the brain, allowing you to see. Damage to the optic nerve leads first to the loss of peripheral vision and eventually blindness.
Symptoms of Glaucoma
Sometimes, eye professionals refer to glaucoma as a silent stealer of sight because the condition does not present many early symptoms if it presents any at all. Often by the time symptoms present themselves, the condition is too far progressed to be effectively treated. If symptoms do appear, they may include eye pain, blurred vision, the appearance of halos around lights, nausea, and vomiting.
The Importance of Early Glaucoma Diagnosis
Glaucoma is fairly simple for an eye doctor to diagnose. During a comprehensive eye exam, one of our optometrists will test the intraocular pressure of your eyes, looking for irregularities. We will also dilate your eyes in order to perform a close visual examination of the eye's internal structures, looking for any visible signs of damage to the optic nerve or other structures due to increased pressure.
Glaucoma: Are You at Risk?
Adults who do not have visual acuity problems often do not visit an eye doctor for a regular eye exam. If you fall into one of the following categories, however, it is a good idea to schedule regular eye exams in order to diagnose and prevent the advancement of glaucoma.
- Over 40
- Hispanic or African
- Family History of Glaucoma
- Poor Circulation or Other Circulatory System Problems
- Eye Injury
- Thin Optic Nerve or Thin Corneas
Glaucoma Treatment in Clarksville and Elkton
If diagnosed early on, our optometrists in Clarksville and Elkton can treat glaucoma with several different types of treatment. The type of treatment prescribed will depend upon how far advanced the glaucoma is. Treatments might include surgery, lasers, oral medications, and prescription eye drops.
Schedule Your Comprehensive Eye Exam with a Clarksville Optometrist or Elkton Eye Doctor Today
If you have not been in for an annual comprehensive eye exam, we encourage you to schedule an appointment with a Clarksville optometrist or Elkton eye doctor at (931) 647-5237 or (270) 265-9036 today. Your vision allows you to experience and participate in life to the fullest, and it deserves to be protected. Proactively protecting your eyes is easy. Schedule your vision and enjoy seeing the future of your eyes clearly.